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Annu Rev Genet. 2007;41:193-211.

Genetics of Candida albicans, a diploid human fungal pathogen.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California-San Francisco, CA 94143-2200, USA. Suzanne.Noble@ucsf.edu

Abstract

Candida albicans is a species of fungus that typically resides in the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and other warm-blooded animals. It is also the most common human fungal pathogen, causing a variety of skin and soft tissue infections in healthy people and more virulent invasive and disseminated diseases in patients with compromised immune systems. How this microorganism manages to persist in healthy hosts but also to cause a spectrum of disease states in the immunocompromised host are questions of significant biological interest as well as major clinical and economic importance. In this review, we describe recent developments in population genetics, the mating process, and gene disruption technology that are providing much needed experimental insights into the biology of C. albicans.

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