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J Biol Chem. 2007 Aug 31;282(35):25259-69. Epub 2007 Jul 3.

Reconstitution and characterization of a nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP)-sensitive Ca2+ release channel from liver lysosomes of rats.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA.


Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is capable of inducing global Ca2+ increases via a lysosome-associated mechanism, but the mechanism mediating NAADP-induced intracellular Ca2+ release remains unclear. The present study reconstituted and characterized a lysosomal NAADP-sensitive Ca2+ release channel using purified lysosomes from rat liver. Furthermore, the identity of lysosomal NAADP-sensitive Ca2+ release channels was also investigated. It was found that NAADP activates lysosomal Ca2+ release channels at concentrations of 1 nM to 1 microM, but this activating effect of NAADP was significantly reduced when the concentrations used increased to 10 or 100 microM. Either activators or blockers of Ca2+ release channels on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) had no effect on the activity of these NAADP-activated Ca2+ release channels. Interestingly, the activity of this lysosomal NAADP-sensitive Ca2+ release channel increased when the pH in cis solution decreased, but it could not be inhibited by a lysosomal H+-ATPase antagonist, bafilomycin A1. However, the activity of this channel was significantly inhibited by plasma membrane L-type Ca2+ channel blockers such as verapamil, diltiazem, and nifedipine, or the nonselective Ca2+,Na+ channel blocker, amiloride. In addition, blockade of TRP-ML1 (transient receptor potential-mucolipin 1) protein by anti-TRP-ML1 antibody markedly attenuated NAADP-induced activation of these lysosomal Ca2+ channels. These results for the first time provide direct evidence that a NAADP-sensitive Ca2+ release channel is present in the lysosome of native liver cells and that this channel is associated with TRP-ML1, which is different from ER/SR Ca2+ release channels.

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