Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Sep;22(9):1365-9. Epub 2007 Jul 4.

The TennCare graduate medical education plan: ten years later.

Author information

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis, TN 38163, USA. cwalton@utmem.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In 1994, Tennessee converted its Medicaid program to a managed care system--TennCare. Graduate medical education (GME) funding by TennCare was linked to several workforce goals that included increasing the number of residents training in primary care and increasing the number of primary care physicians practicing in underserved areas of Tennessee.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the effects of the TennCare GME plan on GME and the physician workforce of Tennessee.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

Bureau of TennCare GME data from 1996-2004 and American Medical Association Physician Masterfile data through 2003.

MEASUREMENTS:

Changes in filled residency positions and number of stipend supplements awarded after implementation of the TennCare GME plan. Changes in physician workforce characteristics between a 5-year period before and after implementation of TennCare.

RESULTS:

Filled primary care residency positions increased from 839 (45.2%) in 1996 to 906 (47.9%) in 2000, but declined to 862 (43.5%) by 2004. Eleven of 133 available primary care stipend supplements were awarded through 2004. The percentage of physicians remaining in Tennessee after completion of residency decreased from 46.2% before TennCare to 42.4% (P = .087) after implementation of TennCare. U.S. medical graduates remaining in state declined by 5.8% (P = .019).

CONCLUSIONS:

The major goals of the TennCare GME plan have not been achieved. Overall, physician retention has decreased and the number of U.S. medical graduates remaining in state has declined. State policymakers should consider other methods to increase the number of residents training in primary care and ultimately practicing in underserved areas of Tennessee.

PMID:
17610121
PMCID:
PMC2219768
DOI:
10.1007/s11606-007-0268-3
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center