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Aging Clin Exp Res. 2007 Jun;19(3):194-9.

Assessment of lower extremity muscle power in functionally-limited elders.

Author information

1
Human Physiology Laboratory, Department of Health Sciences, Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston Univerisity, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and concurrent validity of a new methodology to evaluate lower extremity muscle power in older, functionally limited men and women.

METHODS:

A cross sectional evaluation was performed on 58 older men (n=27) and women (n=31) (74.2+/-0.9 years). Knee and hip (leg press) and knee extensor power were evaluated on pneumatic and isokinetic resistance equipment. Incremental single attempt power (IP) testing utilized a single attempt at attaining maximum power at each of six external resistances and was compared to multiple attempt pneumatic power (MP) testing determined by the highest of 5 attempts at achieving maximum power at two set resistances and also with power determined by isokinetic dynamometry.

RESULTS:

Leg press extension MP yielded significantly greater power than IP at both low (mean=225.3+/-11.85 and 183.9+/-11.52 watts respectively, p<0.001) and high (mean=249.7+/-15.25 and 201.7+/-13.18 watts respectively, p<0.001) external resistances. Knee extension MP also produced significantly greater power when compared to IP at low (mean=82.4+/-4.45 and 69.7+/-4.28 watts respectively, p<0.001) and high (mean=93.7+/-6.3 and 83.2+/-5.93 watts respectively, p<0.001) external resistances. MP testing exhibited excellent reliability at both low (leg press extension: Intra Class Correlation (ICC)=0.93, knee extension: ICC=0.87) and high (Leg press extension: ICC=0.85, Knee Extension: ICC=0.91) external resistances. MP knee extension at 70% 1 RM also showed good agreement with average isokinetic power (R2=0.636).

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings support the reliability and concurrent validity of MP for the evaluation of muscle power in older individuals.

PMID:
17607086
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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