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Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Jul 1;13(13):3942-50.

Bevacizumab-induced transient remodeling of the vasculature in neuroblastoma xenografts results in improved delivery and efficacy of systemically administered chemotherapy.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Dysfunctional tumor vessels can be a significant barrier to effective cancer therapy. However, increasing evidence suggests that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibition can effect transient "normalization" of the tumor vasculature, thereby improving tumor perfusion and, consequently, delivery of systemic chemotherapy. We sought to examine temporal changes in tumor vascular function in response to the anti-VEGF antibody, bevacizumab.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Established orthotopic neuroblastoma xenografts treated with bevacizumab were evaluated at serial time points for treatment-associated changes in intratumoral vascular physiology, penetration of systemically administered chemotherapy, and efficacy of combination therapy.

RESULTS:

After a single bevacizumab dose, a progressive decrease in tumor microvessel density to <30% of control was observed within 7 days. Assessment of the tumor microenvironment revealed a rapid, sustained decrease in both tumor vessel permeability and tumor interstitial fluid pressure, whereas intratumoral perfusion, as assessed by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, was improved, although this latter change abated by 1 week. Intratumoral drug delivery mirrored these changes; penetration of chemotherapy was improved by as much as 81% when given 1 to 3 days after bevacizumab, compared with when both drugs were given concomitantly, or 7 days apart. Finally, administering topotecan to tumor-bearing mice 3 days after bevacizumab resulted in greater tumor growth inhibition (36% of control size) than with monotherapy (88% bevacizumab, 54% topotecan) or concomitant administration of the two drugs (44%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Bevacizumab-mediated VEGF blockade effects alterations in tumor vessel physiology that allow improved delivery and efficacy of chemotherapy, although careful consideration of drug scheduling is required to optimize antitumor activity.

PMID:
17606728
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-0278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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