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Dev Psychol. 2007 Jul;43(4):947-59.

Links between behavioral regulation and preschoolers' literacy, vocabulary, and math skills.

Author information

1
Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. megan.mcclelland@oregonstate.edu

Abstract

This study investigated predictive relations between preschoolers' (N=310) behavioral regulation and emergent literacy, vocabulary, and math skills. Behavioral regulation was assessed using a direct measure called the Head-to-Toes Task, which taps inhibitory control, attention, and working memory, and requires children to perform the opposite of what is instructed verbally. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was utilized because children were nested in 54 classrooms at 2 geographical sites. Results revealed that behavioral regulation significantly and positively predicted fall and spring emergent literacy, vocabulary, and math skills on the Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement (all ps<.05). Moreover, growth in behavioral regulation predicted growth in emergent literacy, vocabulary, and math skills over the prekindergarten year (all ps<.05), after controlling for site, child gender, and other background variables. Discussion focuses on the role of behavioral regulation in early academic achievement and preparedness for kindergarten.

PMID:
17605527
DOI:
10.1037/0012-1649.43.4.947
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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