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Environ Pollut. 2008 Jan;151(1):139-47. Epub 2007 Jul 2.

Pesticide Environmental Accounting: a method for assessing the external costs of individual pesticide applications.

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Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PY, United Kingdom.


The Pesticide Environmental Accounting (PEA) tool provides a monetary estimate of environmental and health impacts per hectare-application for any pesticide. The model combines the Environmental Impact Quotient method and a methodology for absolute estimates of external pesticide costs in UK, USA and Germany. For many countries resources are not available for intensive assessments of external pesticide costs. The model converts external costs of a pesticide in the UK, USA and Germany to Mediterranean countries. Economic and policy applications include estimating impacts of pesticide reduction policies or benefits from technologies replacing pesticides, such as sterile insect technique. The system integrates disparate data and approaches into a single logical method. The assumptions in the system provide transparency and consistency but at the cost of some specificity and precision, a reasonable trade-off for a method that provides both comparative estimates of pesticide impacts and area-based assessments of absolute impacts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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