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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Aug 24;360(2):507-12. Epub 2007 Jun 26.

Identification and functional characterization of a PP1-binding site in BRCA1.

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Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Magee-Womens Research Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.


The phosphorylation state of the tumor suppressor protein BRCA1 is tightly associated with its functions including cell cycle control and DNA repair. Protein kinases involved in the DNA damage checkpoint control, such as ATM, ATR, and hCds1/Chk2, have been shown to phosphorylate and activate BRCA1 upon DNA damage. We reported previously that protein phosphatase 1alpha (PP1alpha) interacts with and dephosphorylates hCds1/Chk2-phosphorylated BRCA1. This study demonstrates the identification of a PP1-binding motif 898KVTF901 in BRCA1. Mutation or deletion of critical residues in this PP1-binding motif substantially reduces the interaction between BRCA1 and PP1alpha. PP1alpha can also dephosphorylate ATM and ATR phosphorylation sites in BRCA1 and may serve as a general regulator for BRCA1 phosphorylation. Unlike wild-type BRCA1, expression of the PP1 non-binding mutant BRCA1 protein in BRCA1-deficient cells failed to enhance survival after DNA damage. Taken together, these results suggest that interaction with PP1alpha is important for BRCA1 function.

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