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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007 Sep;76(4):895-901. Epub 2007 Jun 30.

Selective loss of lin genes from hexachlorocyclohexane-degrading Pseudomonas aeruginosa ITRC-5 under different growth conditions.

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Environmental Biotechnology Section, Industrial Toxicology Research Center, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow, 226001, India.


The chlorinated insecticide gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (gamma-HCH) is sequentially metabolized by the products of linA, linB, linC, linD, linE, and linF genes to beta-ketoadipate, which is subsequently mineralized. Two or more copies of these genes are present in the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa ITRC-5 that was isolated earlier by selective enrichment on technical-HCH. At least one copy of linA, linB, linC, linD, and possibly linE is lost from ITRC-5 upon its growth on gamma-HCH. All the lin genes, however, are lost when the bacterium was grown in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium. The loss of lin genes is accompanied with the loss/rearrangement of insertion sequence IS6100 genes. Concomitant to the loss of lin genes, the degradation of HCH-isomers by "gamma-HCH grown cells" is slower, when compared with "technical-HCH grown cells", and is completely lost by "LB-grown cells". The selective loss of lin genes during different growth conditions has not been reported before and is expected to help in understanding the dynamism of degradative genes.

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