Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Oncol. 2007 Jul 1;25(19):2785-91.

STAT3 polymorphism predicts interferon-alfa response in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.



To clarify the effect of genetic polymorphisms on the response to interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC), and to find a reliable molecular marker to select those patients with MRCC who would benefit from IFN-alpha immunotherapy.


We carried out an association study in which 463 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 33 candidate genes were genotyped in 75 Japanese patients who had received IFN-alpha for MRCC.


After adjusting for lung metastasis, stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed that the SNPs in signal transducer and activator 3 (STAT3) were most significantly associated with better response to IFN-alpha. Linkage disequilibrium mapping revealed that the SNP in the 5' region of STAT3, rs4796793, was the most significant predictor of IFN-alpha response (odds ratio [OR] = 2.73; 95% CI, 1.38 to 5.78). The highest OR was shown in the CC genotype at rs4796793 compared to the GG + GC genotypes (OR = 8.38, 95% CI, 1.63 to 42.96). Genotype-dependent expressions of STAT3 in B lymphocyte cell lines and the enhanced growth inhibitory effects of IFN- by STAT3 suppression in an RCC cell line supported the results of the present association study.


The present study suggested that the STAT3 polymorphism is a useful diagnostic marker to predict the response to IFN-alpha therapy in patients with MRCC. An efficient response marker for IFN-alpha needs to be utilized to establish individual optimal treatment strategies, even when newer drug therapies are used as first line treatments for MRCC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center