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Neuroscience. 2007 Jul 29;147(4):1059-65. Epub 2007 Jul 2.

Effects of morphine and its withdrawal on Y-maze spatial recognition memory in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Jilin University, Changchun, 130012, PR China.

Abstract

Effects of morphine on acquisition and retrieval of memory have been proven in the avoidance paradigms. In present study, we used a two-trial recognition Y-maze to test the effects of acute morphine and morphine withdrawal on spatial recognition memory. The Y-maze is based on the innate tendency of rodents to explore novel environments and therefore avoid punishment and reward.

RESULTS:

1) Pre-training morphine 10 mg/kg impaired the recognition spatial memory of acquisition after a 1 h inter-trial interval (ITI), whereas morphine 2.5, 5 and 10 mg/kg showed impairment after 2 h ITI. 2) Pre-retention morphine 5, 10 mg/kg disrupted the retrieval of memory after 1 h ITI. 3) Morphine 5 and 10 mg/kg caused hyper-locomotor activity depending on the state. 4) Mice withdrawn from morphine 40 mg/kg but not 10 mg/kg for 3 days showed amnesia in Y-maze. Our data suggested that acute morphine impaired the acquisition and retrieval of spatial recognition memory and increased the locomotor activity in the Y-maze depending on the dose and state. Moreover, withdrawal from chronic morphine also impaired acquisition in the Y-maze depending on the dose and state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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