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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jul 3;50(1):40-7. Epub 2007 Jun 18.

Red cell distribution width as a novel prognostic marker in heart failure: data from the CHARM Program and the Duke Databank.

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  • 1Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA. michael.felker@duke.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The goal of this study was to identify potentially novel laboratory markers of risk in chronic heart failure patients.

BACKGROUND:

Although a variety of prognostic markers have been described in heart failure, a systematic assessment of routine laboratory values has not been reported.

METHODS:

All 2,679 symptomatic chronic heart failure patients from the North American CHARM (Candesartan in Heart Failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and Morbidity) program had a wide range of laboratory measures performed at a core facility, enabling us to assess the relationship between routine blood tests and outcomes using a Cox proportional hazards model. We then replicated our findings in a cohort of 2,140 heart failure patients from the Duke Databank.

RESULTS:

Among 36 laboratory values considered in the CHARM program, higher red cell distribution width (RDW) showed the greatest association with morbidity and mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.17 per 1-SD increase, p < 0.001). Higher RDW was among the most powerful overall predictors, with only age and cardiomegaly showing a better independent association with outcome. This finding was replicated in the Duke Databank, in which higher RDW was strongly associated with all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.29 per 1 SD, p < 0.001), second only to age as a predictor of outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

In 2 large contemporary heart failure populations, RDW was found to be a very strong independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. Understanding how and why this marker is associated with outcome may provide novel insights into heart failure pathophysiology.

PMID:
17601544
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2007.02.067
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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