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Biol Psychiatry. 2007 Dec 15;62(12):1363-70. Epub 2007 Jun 28.

Efficacy and safety of paliperidone extended-release tablets: results of a 6-week, randomized, placebo-controlled study.

Author information

1
Veteran's Affairs Veteran's Integrated Service Networks 22 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA. marder@ucla.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Paliperidone extended-release tablet (paliperidone ER; Invega, Janssen L.P., Titusville, New Jersey) is an oral psychotropic for schizophrenia treatment.

METHODS:

Efficacy and safety of once-daily paliperidone ER (6 and 12 mg) were assessed versus placebo in 444 patients with acute schizophrenia in a 6-week, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study. An olanzapine (10 mg) treatment arm was included to confirm trial validity.

RESULTS:

Both doses of paliperidone ER demonstrated significant improvement in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score (p < or = .006) and certain PANSS Marder factor scores compared with placebo (p < or = .025); PANSS total score also improved in the olanzapine treatment arm. Paliperidone ER 6 mg (p < or = .008), but not 12 mg, was associated with significant improvements in personal and social performance. The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) for paliperidone ER 6 mg was comparable with placebo and slightly greater with paliperidone ER 12 mg. Changes in blood glucose and lipid levels with paliperidone ER were comparable with placebo. Two patients treated with paliperidone ER experienced glucose-related AEs. Body-weight increases of 1-2 kg were observed with paliperidone ER. Although there were increases in plasma prolactin levels with paliperidone ER treatment, the incidence of prolactin-related AEs was < or =1%.

CONCLUSIONS:

In this study, paliperidone ER, particularly the 6-mg dose, was effective and well tolerated, and provides a valuable new treatment option for schizophrenia.

PMID:
17601495
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopsych.2007.01.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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