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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007 Jun 26;49(25):2408-15. Epub 2007 Jun 11.

Effect of cardiac and noncardiac conditions on survival after defibrillator implantation.

Author information

1
Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. dlee@ices.on.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to examine outcomes in recipients of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and the effect of age, gender, and comorbidities on survival.

BACKGROUND:

Age, gender, and comorbidities may significantly affect outcomes in ICD recipients.

METHODS:

We examined factors associated with mortality in 2,467 ICD recipients in Ontario, Canada, using a province-wide database. Comorbidities were identified retrospectively by examining all diagnosis codes within the 3 years before implant.

RESULTS:

Mean ages at ICD implant were 63.2 +/- 12.5 years (1,944 men) and 59.8 +/- 15.9 years (523 women). Mortality rates at one and 2 years were 7.8% and 14.0%. Older age at implant increased the risk of death with hazard ratios (HR) of 2.05 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.70 to 2.47) and 3.00 (95% CI 2.43 to 3.71) for those 65 to 74 years and >/=75 years, respectively (both p < 0.001), but gender was not a predictor of death. Common noncardiac conditions associated with death included peripheral vascular disease (adjusted HR 1.50, 95% CI 1.18 to 1.91), pulmonary disease (adjusted HR 1.35, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.66), and renal disease (adjusted HR 1.57, 95% CI 1.25 to 1.99). Many ICD recipients had prior heart failure (46.2%) with an increased HR of 2.33 for death (95% CI 1.96 to 2.76; p < 0.001). Greater comorbidity burden conferred increased risk, with HRs adjusted for age, gender, and heart failure of 1.72 (95% CI 1.44 to 2.05), 2.79 (95% CI 2.15 to 3.62), and 2.98 (95% CI 1.74 to 5.10) for those with 1, 2, and 3 or more noncardiac comorbidities, respectively (all p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Age, noncardiac comorbidities, and prior heart failure influence survival outcomes in ICD recipients. These factors should be considered in the care of ICD recipients.

PMID:
17599603
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2007.02.058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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