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Pediatr Res. 2007 Aug;62(2):225-30.

Long-term outcome in methylmalonic acidurias is influenced by the underlying defect (mut0, mut-, cblA, cblB).

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Department of General Pediatrics, Division of Inborn Metabolic Diseases, University Children's Hospital, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.


Isolated methylmalonic acidurias comprise a heterogeneous group of inborn errors of metabolism caused by defects of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM) (mut0, mut-) or deficient synthesis of its cofactor 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl) (cblA, cblB). The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcome in patients from these four enzymatic subgroups. Eighty-three patients with isolated methylmalonic acidurias (age 7-33 y) born between 1971 and 1997 were enzymatically characterized and prospectively followed to evaluate the long-term outcome (median follow-up period, 18 y). Patients with mut0 (n = 42), mut- (n = 10), cblA (n = 20), and cblB (n = 11) defects were included into the study. Thirty patients (37%) died, and 26 patients survived with a severe or moderate neurologic handicap (31%), whereas 27 patients (32%) remained neurologically uncompromised. Chronic renal failure (CRF) was found most frequently in mut0 (61%) and cblB patients (66%), and was predicted by the urinary excretion of methylmalonic acid (MMA) before CRF. Overall, patients with mut0 and cblB defects had an earlier onset of symptoms, a higher frequency of complications and deaths, and a more pronounced urinary excretion of MMA than those with mut- and cblA defects. In addition, long-term outcome was dependent on the age cohort and cobalamin responsiveness.

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