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Immunol Lett. 2007 Jul 31;111(1):51-6. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

Macrophage tolerance induced by stimulation with Toll-like receptor 7/8 ligands.

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Department of Infectious Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.


The engagement of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) results in resistance to subsequent challenge with respective ligands in macrophages. Studies have shown that stimulation by ligands for TLR2, TLR4, TLR5 and TLR9 induces this state of hypo-responsiveness (homo-tolerance) towards subsequent stimulation with the same ligands. However, whether homo-tolerance is induced by the ligands of TLR7/8 has not been previously determined. We found that ligands for TLR7/8, namely ss-RNA from HIV and an imidazoquinoline compound, R848, induced macrophage tolerance, as judged by the production of the chemokine MIP-1beta. IRAK-1 phosphorylation was also inhibited in the tolerant cells after subsequent stimulation with R848, although no significant differences were observed in the protein levels of TLR7 between tolerant and non-tolerant cells. These results indicate that macrophage tolerance induced by TLR7/8 ligands is regulated at least at the level of IRAK-1 activation.

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