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J Trauma Stress. 2007 Jun;20(3):251-62.

Prevalence and psychological correlates of complicated grief among bereaved adults 2.5-3.5 years after September 11th attacks.

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Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.


A Web-based survey of adults who experienced loss during the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks was conducted to examine the prevalence and correlates of complicated grief (CG) 2.5-3.5 years after the attacks. Forty-three percent of a study group of 704 bereaved adults across the United States screened positive for CG. In multivariate analyses, CG was associated with female gender, loss of a child, death of deceased at the World Trade Center, and live exposure to coverage of the attacks on television. Posttraumatic stress disorder, major depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, and increase in post-9/11 smoking were common among participants with CG. A majority of the participants with CG reported receiving grief counseling and psychiatric medication after 9/11. Clinical and policy implications are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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