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AIDS Behav. 2008 May;12(3):476-82. Epub 2007 Jun 27.

Prevalence and risk factors associated with HIV infection among men having sex with men in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

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1
National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Abstract

To learn more about risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Vietnam and their prevalence of HIV, we conducted a study among MSM in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) to determine HIV-1 prevalence and behaviors associated with infection. This consisted of formative (35 MSM) and cross-sectional (600 MSM) studies at 72 sites, including 75 transvestites, 55 bisexuals, 10 sex workers, and 460 other MSM. Only 5.3% cohabited with a wife/girlfriend, but 30% reported ever having sex with a female. Prevalence of HIV was 8%, ranging from 33% in sex workers to 7% among transvestites and other MSM. Injecting drugs, selling sex, being 20-40 years old, having less than 6 years of education, and having more than five male anal sex partners in the past month were associated with being HIV-infected. MSM are an HIV bridge group, and should be included in sentinel surveillance. Targeted interventions should be implemented.

PMID:
17594139
PMCID:
PMC2903539
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-007-9267-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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