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J Biol Chem. 2007 Aug 24;282(34):25030-40. Epub 2007 Jun 25.

Complex formation with the Type B gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor affects the expression and signal transduction of the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor. Studies with HEK-293 cells and neurons.

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  • 1Endocrine Research Unit, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94121, USA.


We co-immunoprecipitated the Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR) and type B gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABA-B-R) from human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells expressing these receptors and from brain lysates where both receptors are present. CaRs extensively co-localized with the two subunits of the GABA-B-R (R1 and R2) in HEK-293 cell membranes and intracellular organelles. Coexpressing CaRs and GABA-B-R1s in HEK-293 cells suppressed the total cellular and cell surface expression of CaRs and inhibited phospholipase C activation in response to high extracellular [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](e)). In contrast, coexpressing CaRs and GABA-B-R2s enhanced CaR expression and signaling responses to raising [Ca(2+)](e). The latter effects of the GABA-B-R2 on the CaR were blunted by coexpressing the GABA-B-R1. Coexpressing the CaR with GABA-B-R1 or R2 enhanced the total cellular and cell surface expression of the GABA-B-R1 or R2, respectively. Studies with truncated CaRs indicated that the N-terminal extracellular domain of the CaR participated in the interaction of the CaR with the GABA-B-R1 and R2. In cultured mouse hippocampal neurons, CaRs co-localized with the GABA-B-R1 and R2. CaRs and GABA-B-R1s also co-immunoprecipitated from brain lysates. The expression of the CaR was increased in lysates from GABA-B-R1 knock-out mouse brains and in cultured hippocampal neurons with their GABA-B-R1 genes deleted in vitro. Thus, CaRs and GABA-B-R subunits can form heteromeric complexes in cells, and their interactions affect cell surface expression and signaling of CaR, which may contribute to extracellular Ca(2+)-dependent receptor activation in target tissues.

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