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Ann Saudi Med. 1993 Jul;13(4):340-3.

Helicobacter pylori associated dyspepsia in 208 patients from southern Saudi Arabia.

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  • 1Departments of Pathology and Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

The frequency of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection in 208 patients with upper gastrointestinal tract symptoms from the Southern Province of Saudi Arabia was studied prospectively. The occurrence of HP was documented histologically and using a rapid urease test in antral endoscopic biopsies. Our results showed that 82.2% of the 208 patients included were positive for HP with a male:female ratio of approximately 1:1 (88:83). The age range was 14 to 80 years and the median age was 38.2 years. The frequencies of HP infection among Saudi and non-Saudi patients were 86% and 71%, respectively. Frequencies of HP infection were 88%, 77.5%, and 93% during the second, third, and fourth decades of life. Among the 140 patients with histologically proven antral gastritis, 128 cases (91%) were positive for HP whereas 29 cases (17%) of the 171 patients positive for HP did not show histologic evidence of antral gastritis. Our data showed that HP was present in 92.5% of patients with endoscopic diagnosis of duodenal ulceration, 81% of patients with duodenitis, 80% of patients with both duodenitis and gastritis, 69% of patients with gastric antral erythema, and 81% of patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia (normal upper gastrointestinal endoscopy). Histologically proven antral gastritis was seen in 80% of patients with endoscopic diagnosis of duodenal ulceration, 76% of patients with antral erythema, 70% of patients with both duodenitis and gastritis, 33% of patients with duodenitis only, and 66% of patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia. Among the 208 patients included in the study, gastric ulcerationw as only seen in two cases, both positive for HP.

PMID:
17590697
[PubMed]
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