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Eur J Radiol. 2008 Mar;65(3):449-61. Epub 2007 Jun 27.

A systematic review on diagnostic accuracy of CT-based detection of significant coronary artery disease.

Author information

1
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, W/CC-385, Boston, MA 02215-5400, United States. bjanne@bidmc.harvard.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Systematic review of diagnostic accuracy of contrast enhanced coronary computed tomography (CE-CCT).

BACKGROUND:

Noninvasive detection of coronary artery stenosis (CAS) by CE-CCT as an alternative to catheter-based coronary angiography (CCA) may improve patient management.

METHODS:

Forty-one articles published between 1997 and 2006 were included that evaluated native coronary arteries for significant stenosis and used CE-CCT as diagnostic test and CCA as reference standard. Study group characteristics, study methodology and diagnostic outcomes were extracted. Pooled summary sensitivity and specificity of CE-CCT were calculated using a random effects model (1) for all coronary segments, (2) assessable segments, and (3) per patient.

RESULTS:

The 41 studies totaled 2515 patients (75% males; mean age: 59 years, CAS prevalence: 59%). Analysis of all coronary segments yielded a sensitivity of 95% (80%, 89%, 86%, 98% for electron beam CT, 4/8-slice, 16-slice and 64-slice MDCT, respectively) for a specificity of 85% (77%, 84%, 95%, 91%). Analysis limited to segments deemed assessable by CT showed sensitivity of 96% (86%, 85%, 98%, 97%) for a specificity of 95% (90%, 96%, 96%, 96%). Per patient, sensitivity was 99% (90%, 97%, 99%, 98%) and specificity was 76% (59%, 81%, 83%, 92%). Heterogeneity was quantitatively important but not explainable by patient group characteristics or study methodology.

CONCLUSIONS:

Current diagnostic accuracy of CE-CCT is high. Advances in CT technology have resulted in increases in diagnostic accuracy and proportion of assessable coronary segments. However, per patient, accuracy may be lower and CT may have more limited clinical utility in populations at high risk for CAD.

PMID:
17590554
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejrad.2007.05.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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