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Anal Chem. 2007 Aug 1;79(15):5987-90. Epub 2007 Jun 23.

Development of surface plasmon resonance mass spectrometry array platform.

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Intrinsic Bioprobes Inc., 2155 East Conference Drive, Suite 104 Tempe, Arizona 85284, USA.


Protein microarrays are the format of choice for high-throughput, high-content protein interaction analysis. In most of the array formats, reporter molecules are used in multistep detection of the protein interactions. Among the few existing label-free detection approaches, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and mass spectrometry (MS) stand out as most promising for utilization in protein microarrays, albeit both have been used only sporadically for high-content protein arrays. Shown here for the first time is the combination of SPR and MS detection on a single high-content protein microarray. Antibodies to five human plasma proteins were arrayed in a 10 x 10 spot arrangement on a chemically activated gold-coated glass chip. Binding of proteins to their corresponding antibodies was monitored via SPR imaging across the entire surface of the chip. Following protein affinity retrieval, the chip was overlaid with MALDI matrix and MS analyzed, producing protein-specific mass spectra from distinct spots on the array. The SPR-MS dual detection is well suited for high-content protein microarrays and comprehensive protein analysis-from quantitative assessment of the protein concentration to detection of structural protein variants arising from genetic variations and postexpression processing.

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