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World J Gastroenterol. 2007 Jun 21;13(23):3176-82.

Prognostic significance of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery and Liver Cancer Laboratory, Zhong Nan Hospital, Wuhan University School of Medicine, Wuhan 430071, Hubei Province, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the prognostic significance of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

METHODS:

Surgical specimens from 315 patients with HCC as well as 196 adjacent noncancerous lesions and 22 cases of normal liver tissue were investigated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 using a standard detection system. Correlations with clinicopathological factors, VEGF, microvessel density (MVD), and prognosis were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Immunoreactivity of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 was positive in 69.5% of HCC, 55.6% of adjacent noncancerous tissue, and 0% of normal liver tissue. And it was significantly correlated with tumor grade, venous invasion, intrahepatic metastasis, necrosis, and capsule infiltration. Correlation analysis of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 with angiogenic factor VEGF (P<0.001), and MVD (P=0.016) was also noted. HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 protein was less frequently expressed in low MVD cases, whereas a high rate of expression was noted in cases with both medium and high MVD (P=0.042). By Kaplan-Meier analysis, strong HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 staining (>50% of tumor cells) in HCC correlated with a shortened survival in patients (Cox's regression, P<0.001, r=3.699).

CONCLUSION:

We conclude that HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 expression may play an important role in tumor progression and prognosis of HCC. Assessment of HIF-2alpha/EPAS1 expression in HCC may be used as a diagnostic tool and possibly a target in the treatment of HCC.

PMID:
17589895
PMCID:
PMC4436602
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v13.i23.3176
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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