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Int J Biol Sci. 2007 Jun 1;3(5):303-17.

The forces behind cell movement.

Author information

1
Laboratory for Cell and Computational Biology, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. revathi@ucdavis.edu

Abstract

Cell movement is a complex phenomenon primarily driven by the actin network beneath the cell membrane, and can be divided into three general components: protrusion of the leading edge of the cell, adhesion of the leading edge and deadhesion at the cell body and rear, and cytoskeletal contraction to pull the cell forward. Each of these steps is driven by physical forces generated by unique segments of the cytoskeleton. This review examines the specific physics underlying these phases of cell movement and the origins of the forces that drive locomotion.

PMID:
17589565
PMCID:
PMC1893118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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