Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Saudi Med. 1991 May;11(3):302-6.

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in children: Familial and clinical patterns in Riyadh.

Author information

Suleimania Children's Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


Type I diabetes mellitus is probably common in Saudi Arabia, but only a small amount of information on the disease is available and most cases reported so far have been type II diabetes mellitus. Type I diabetes was diagnosed in 110 children who were followed at Suleimania Children's Hospital over a five-year period (1985-1989). Saudis represented 74.5% (82/110) of the patients, and 53.6% (59/110) were female. Consanguinity existed in 42.7% (47/110) of the parents. A first-degree family history was positive for insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in 28.1% (31/110). Mean age at onset was 5.87 years, which is low compared with other ages cited in the literature. Thirty-three patients (30%) were below three years of age at onset. The most common clinical sign was diabetic ketoacidosis, which was seen in 67.2% (74/110). Duration of symptoms before diagnosis ranged from two days to more than two months, with a mean of 18.2 days. Partial remission was seen in 30.9% (34/110). This low percentage is probably due to the young age distribution at onset and perhaps to a different pattern of severity of the disease in our community. Further studies, including opening a local registry, are needed for confirming the incidence and characteristics of the disease in Saudi Arabia.

Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center