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Respirology. 2007 Jul;12(4):573-80.

Efficacy and safety of inhaled ciclesonide compared with chlorofluorocarbon beclomethasone dipropionate in adults with moderate to severe persistent asthma.

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1
First Department of Internal Medicine, Showa University, School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. adachim@med.showa-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Inhaled corticosteroids are recognized as first-line therapy in the management of asthma; however, their use may be limited by systemic and local side-effects. Ciclesonide, a novel pro-drug inhaled corticosteroid, is activated in the lungs and is expected to have less systemic and local side-effects. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of ciclesonide in hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) compared with beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) in a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) formulation in adult patients with moderate to severe asthma.

METHODS:

This was a multicentre, randomized, open-label, parallel-group comparative study. The patients were given 800 microg/day of CFC-BDP in the four-week baseline period. After the baseline period, 319 patients were randomly allocated into three groups which, respectively, received HFA-ciclesonide 400 microg/day (without a spacer), HFA-ciclesonide 800 microg/day (without spacer) and CFC-BDP 800 microg/day (with spacer) for the eight-week treatment period. The primary efficacy variable was morning PEF.

RESULTS:

The morning PEF increased by 16.02 L/min in the 400 microg HFA-ciclesonide group, 23.98 L/min in the 800 microg HFA-ciclesonide group and 5.91 L/min in the 800 microg CFC-BDP group. Better outcomes were achieved by the use of 800 microg/day of HFA-ciclesonide compared with 800 microg/day of CFC-BDP (P = 0.001). There was no difference in adverse events between the groups.

CONCLUSION:

In adult patients with moderate to severe asthma, 800 microg/day of HFA-ciclesonide was significantly more effective than 800 microg/day of CFC-BDP. Ciclesonide at doses of 400 microg/day and 800 microg/day was safe and well tolerated.

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