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J Dent Res. 2007 Jul;86(7):662-6.

Resin infiltration of natural caries lesions.

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Dept. of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University School of Dental Medicine, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.


Infiltration of non-cavitated caries lesions with light-curing resins could lead to an arrest of lesion progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the penetration of a conventional adhesive into natural enamel caries after pre-treatment with two different etching gels in vitro. Extracted human molars and premolars showing proximal white-spot lesions were cut across the lesions perpendicular to the surface. Corresponding lesion halves were etched for 120 sec with either 37% phosphoric acid gel (H(3)PO(4)) or 15% hydrochloric acid gel (HCl), and subsequently infiltrated with an adhesive. Specimens were observed by confocal microscopy. Mean penetration depths (SD) in the HCl group [58 (37) microm] were significantly increased compared with those of the H(3)PO(4) group [18 (11) microm] (p < 0.001; Wilcoxon). It can be concluded that etching with 15% hydrochloric acid gel is more suitable than 37% phosphoric acid gel as a pre-treatment for caries lesions intended to be infiltrated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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