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J Med Chem. 2007 Jul 26;50(15):3497-514. Epub 2007 Jun 22.

Novel vanilloid receptor-1 antagonists: 1. Conformationally restricted analogues of trans-cinnamides.

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Department of Chemistry Research and Discovery, Amgen Inc., One Amgen Center Drive, Thousand Oaks, California 91320-1799, USA.


The vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1 or TRPV1) is a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of ion channels and plays a role as an integrator of multiple pain-producing stimuli. From a high-throughput screening assay, measuring calcium uptake in TRPV1-expressing cells, we identified an N-aryl trans-cinnamide (AMG9810, compound 9) that acts as a potent TRPV1 antagonist. We have demonstrated the antihyperalgesic properties of 9 in vivo and have also reported the discovery of novel, orally bioavailable cinnamides derived from this lead. Herein, we expand our investigations and describe the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of conformationally constrained analogues of the s-cis conformer of compound 9. These investigations resulted in the identification of 4-amino- and 4-oxopyrimidine cores as suitable isosteric replacements for the trans-acrylamide moiety. The best examples from this series, pyrimidines 79 and 74, were orally bioavailable and exhibited potent antagonism of both rat (IC50 = 4.5 and 0.6 nM, respectively) and human TRPV1 (IC50 = 7.4 and 3.7 nM, respectively). In addition, compound 74 was shown to be efficacious at blocking a TRPV1-mediated physiological response in vivo in the capsaicin-induced hypothermia model in rats; however, it was ineffective at preventing thermal hyperalgesia induced by complete Freund's adjuvant in rats.

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