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Placenta. 2007 Aug-Sep;28(8-9):763-74. Epub 2007 Jun 20.

Regulation of placental nutrient transport--a review.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, 231 Albert B Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA.


Fetal growth is primarily determined by nutrient availability, which is intimately related to placental nutrient transport. Detailed information on the regulation of placental nutrient transporters is therefore critical in order to understand the mechanisms underlying altered fetal growth and fetal programming. After briefly summarizing the cellular mechanisms for placental transport of glucose, amino acids and free fatty acids, we will discuss factors shown to regulate placental nutrient transporters and review the data describing how these factors are altered in pregnancy complications associated with abnormal fetal growth. We propose an integrated model of regulation of placental nutrient transport by maternal and placental factors in IUGR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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