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Am J Clin Pathol. 2007 Jul;128(1):23-31.

A 22-plex chemiluminescent microarray for pneumococcal antibodies.

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Associated Regional and University Pathologists, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.


We developed a chemiluminescent multiplexed microarray that simultaneously determines IgG antibody concentrations to 22 pneumococcal polysaccharide (PnPs) serotypes (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6B, 7F, 8, 9N, 9V, 10A, 11A, 12F, 14, 15B, 17F, 18C, 19A, 19F, 20, 23F, and 33F). We compared the microarray with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for 9 of the 22 serotypes (1, 4, 5, 6B, 9V, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F). Correlation coefficients (r2) for the comparison of the microarray with ELISA ranged from 0.91 to 0.97 for the 9 serotypes. The microarray detected more than 4-fold increases in antibody concentrations in serum samples from before and 1 month after administration of pneumococcal vaccine for all 22 serotypes tested. The mean interassay and intra-assay coefficients of variation for 12 serum samples for the 22 serotypes were 7.6% and 6.0%, respectively. Inhibition-of-binding studies showed more than 90% inhibition by homologous serotypes and, with few exceptions, less than 25% inhibition by heterologous serotypes. The microarray multiplexing technology is an attractive alternative to ELISA for antibody responses to 23-valent PnPs vaccines.

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