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Epilepsy Res. 2007 Jul;75(2-3):145-53. Epub 2007 Jun 18.

Linkage and mutational analysis of CLCN2 in childhood absence epilepsy.

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  • 1General and Adolescent Paediatric Unit, Centre for Human Molecular Genetics, UCL Institute Child Health, University College London, The Rayne Building, 5 University Street, London WC1E 6JJ, UK.


In order to assess the chloride channel gene CLCN2 as a candidate susceptibility gene for childhood absence epilepsy, parametric and non-parametric linkage analysis was performed in 65 nuclear pedigrees. This provided suggestive evidence for linkage with heterogeneity: NPL score=2.3, p<0.009; HLOD=1.5, alpha=0.44. Mutational analysis of the entire genomic sequence of CLCN2 was performed in 24 unrelated patients from pedigrees consistent with linkage, identifying 45 sequence variants including the known non-synonymous polymorphism rs2228292 (G2154C, Glu718Asp) and a novel variant IVS4+12G>A. Intra-familial association analysis using the pedigrees and a further 308 parent-child trios showed suggestive evidence for transmission disequilibrium of the G2154C minor allele: AVE-PDT chi(1)2 = 5.17, p<0.03. Case-control analysis provided evidence for a protective effect of the IVS4+12G>A minor allele: chi(1)2 = 7.27, p<0.008. The 65 nuclear pedigrees were screened for three previously identified mutations shown to segregate with a variety of idiopathic generalised epilepsy phenotypes (597insG, IVS2-14del11 and G2144A) but none were found. We conclude that CLCN2 may be a susceptibility locus in a subset of cases of childhood absence epilepsy.

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