Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cancer Res. 2007 Jun;5(6):627-39.

The localization of protein kinase Cdelta in different subcellular sites affects its proapoptotic and antiapoptotic functions and the activation of distinct downstream signaling pathways.

Author information

1
Hermelin Brain Tumor Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.

Abstract

Protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) regulates cell apoptosis and survival in diverse cellular systems. PKCdelta translocates to different subcellular sites in response to apoptotic stimuli; however, the role of its subcellular localization in its proapoptotic and antiapoptotic functions is just beginning to be understood. Here, we used a PKCdelta constitutively active mutant targeted to the cytosol, nucleus, mitochondria, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and examined whether the subcellular localization of PKCdelta affects its apoptotic and survival functions. PKCdelta-Cyto, PKCdelta-Mito, and PKCdelta-Nuc induced cell apoptosis, whereas no apoptosis was observed with the PKCdelta-ER. PKCdelta-Cyto and PKCdelta-Mito underwent cleavage, whereas no cleavage was observed in the PKCdelta-Nuc and PKCdelta-ER. Similarly, caspase-3 activity was increased in cells overexpressing PKCdelta-Cyto and PKCdelta-Mito. In contrast to the apoptotic effects of the PKCdelta-Cyto, PKCdelta-Mito, and PKCdelta-Nuc, the PKCdelta-ER protected the cells from tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced and etoposide-induced apoptosis. Moreover, overexpression of a PKCdelta kinase-dead mutant targeted to the ER abrogated the protective effect of the endogenous PKCdelta and increased tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced apoptosis. The localization of PKCdelta differentially affected the activation of downstream signaling pathways. PKCdelta-Cyto increased the phosphorylation of p38 and decreased the phosphorylation of AKT and the expression of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein, whereas PKCdelta-Nuc increased c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase phosphorylation. Moreover, p38 phosphorylation and the decrease in X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein expression played a role in the apoptotic effect of PKCdelta-Cyto, whereas c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase activation mediated the apoptotic effect of PKCdelta-Nuc. Our results indicate that the subcellular localization of PKCdelta plays important roles in its proapoptotic and antiapoptotic functions and in the activation of downstream signaling pathways.

PMID:
17579121
DOI:
10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-06-0255
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center