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Scand J Infect Dis. 2007;39(6-7):525-35.

Neutrophil CD64 (FcgammaRI) expression is a specific marker of bacterial infection: a study on the kinetics and the impact of major surgery.

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Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.


Neutrophil CD64 expression is a diagnostic marker for the early detection of bacterial infections. The aim was to investigate the kinetics of neutrophil CD64 expression during bacterial infection and the possible impact of surgical trauma. Blood samples were collected daily during 3 d after admission for analysis by flow cytometry of the surface expressions on neutrophils and monocytes of CD64, CD16, CD32, CD11b/CD18 and CD35, and analysis of serum CRP and blood WBC. Serum concentrations of IFNgamma, G-CSF, IL-6 and IL-8 were also analysed in adults. Eight children and 19 adult patients with bacterial infections, 12 patients admitted for hip-arthroplasty because of coxarthrosis and 30 healthy adults were studied. Neutrophil CD64 was increased all 3 d after start of treatment (p<0.0001) in children and adults with bacterial infections. The postoperative increase after surgery was less than the increase seen during bacterial infections (p<0.0001). CRP, G-CSF, IL-6 and IL-8 were raised both in bacterial infections and after surgery. Our results indicate that the expression of CD64 on neutrophils is a specific sign of bacterial infections. Neutrophil expression of CD64, therefore, seems to be a promising tool for the early detection of bacterial infections even during surgery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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