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Gastric Cancer. 2007;10(2):104-11. Epub 2007 Jun 25.

Docetaxel and oxaliplatin combination in second-line treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In advanced gastric cancer few data are available on the efficacy or safety of new drug combination regimens after progression following first-line chemotherapy.

METHODS:

Patients with histologically confirmed advanced gastric cancer and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) less than 2, progressing after first-line chemotherapy, were eligible. Patients were treated with docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) on day 1 and oxaliplatin 80 mg/m(2) on day 2, every 3 weeks, until progression or unacceptable toxicity.

RESULTS:

Between May 2002 and April 2005, 38 patients were enrolled. Men accounted for 73.7% of the patients and the median age was 59 years. The primary tumor was not resected in 47.4% of the patients; the peritoneum was the most frequent metastatic site (60.5%). The first-line treatment was cisplatin, epirubicin, and infusional 5-fluorouracil (ECF) in 81.5% of the patients and cisplatin and infusional 5-fluorouracil (CF) in 15.7%. The median number of cycles was 4.3. The treatment was well tolerated, with no toxic deaths. National Cancer Institute (NCI) grade III-IV neutropenia was frequent (26.3%), but no febrile neutropenia was reported. Severe asthenia (15.7%) and severe nausea (15.7%) required dose reductions in 2 patients and treatment discontinuation in another. The overall response rate was 10.5%, and 18 patients (47.3%) experienced disease stabilization (7 of them with significant clinical benefit). Median time to progression was 4.0 months (range, 2-8 months) and median overall survival was 8.1 months (range, 3-26 months). Thirteen patients (34.2%) also received third-line chemotherapy, with an irinotecan-containing regimen, and their median overall survival was higher than that of the other patients (16.3 vs 6.0 months)

CONCLUSION:

The combination of oxaliplatin and docetaxel shows only marginal activity as second-line treatment, but it has a good tolerability profile. This suggests that there is room for optimizing the schedule as well as for planning sequential treatments in gastric cancer.

PMID:
17577620
DOI:
10.1007/s10120-007-0415-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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