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J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Sep;82(3):700-9. Epub 2007 Jun 18.

6-Methylprednisolone down-regulates IRAK-M in human and murine osteoclasts and boosts bone-resorbing activity: a putative mechanism for corticoid-induced osteoporosis.

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Research Unit, La Paz Hospital, Madrid 28046, Spain.


Osteoclasts are large, multinucleated cells, which originate from the fusion of macrophages. They play a central role in bone development and remodeling via the resorption of bone and are thus important mediators of bone loss, which leads to osteoporosis. IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK)-M is a pseudokinase, which acts as a negative modulator of innate immune responses mediated by TLRs and IL-1R. Recently, it has been reported that IRAK-M also participates in the control of macrophage differentiation into osteoclasts. In addition, it was shown that IRAK-M knockout mice develop a strong osteoporosis phenotype, suggesting that down-regulation of this molecule activates osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. We studied the effect of the osteoporosis-inducing glucocorticoid, 6-methylprednisolone (6-MP), on IRAK-M expression in osteoclasts. Our results showed that osteoclasts, derived from THP-1 and RAW cells as well as human blood monocytes, differentiated into osteoclasts, express high levels of IRAK-M at mRNA and protein levels. In addition, 6-MP down-regulates IRAK-M expression, which correlates with an increased activation of bone resorption. These findings suggest a mechanism of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis and open new avenues for treating this endemic disease of Western societies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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