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Intern Med. 2007;46(12):831-7. Epub 2007 Jun 15.

Incidence of pulmonary hypertension and its clinical relevance in patients with interstitial pneumonias: comparison between idiopathic and collagen vascular disease associated interstitial pneumonias.

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1
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University.

Abstract

OBJECT:

This study was undertaken to investigate the frequency of pulmonary hypertension (PH), and clinical parameters associated with PH in patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) and collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonias (CVD-IPs).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Retrospective analyses were performed in 163 consecutively enrolled patients (78 IIPs and 85 CVD-IPs) who were being evaluated for PH by Doppler echocardiography. PH was defined as an estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) of > or = 40 mmHg. The frequency of PH was evaluated and clinical parameters were compared between patients with PH and those without PH.

RESULTS:

Among patients successfully evaluated for sPAP by echocardiography, 20 of 70 (28%) patients with IIPs and 17 of 80 (21%) patients with CVD-IPs had PH. Among patients with IIP and CVD-IP, those with PH were more frequently treated with supplemental oxygen. Patients with IIP who had PH tended to be older and had decreased % diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (%DLCO). Additionally, in patients with IIP, sPAP was negatively correlated with %DLCO. However, this association was not found in patients with CVD-IP. Patients with CVD-IP who had PH were predominantly male.

CONCLUSION:

PH was frequently observed in patients with both IIPs (28%) and CVD-IPs (21%) in the chronic phase of the disease. PH should be evaluated in patients with IPs who need supplemental oxygen, IIP patients with decreased diffusing capacity, and in patients with CVD-IP.

PMID:
17575374
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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