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J Artif Organs. 2007;10(2):96-103. Epub 2007 Jun 20.

Transient fluid-structure coupling for simulation of a trileaflet heart valve using weak coupling.

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Biomechanics and Tissue Engineering Group, Industrial Research Institute IRIS, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC, 3122, Australia.


In this article, a three-dimensional transient numerical approach coupled with fluid-structure interaction for the modeling of an aortic trileaflet heart valve at the initial opening stage is presented. An arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian kinematical description together with an appropriate fluid grid was used for the coupling strategy with the structural domain. The fluid dynamics and the structure aspects of the problem were analyzed for various Reynolds numbers and times. The fluid flow predictions indicated that at the initial leaflet opening stage a circulation zone was formed immediately downstream of the leaflet tip and propagated outward as time increased. Moreover, the maximum wall shear stress in the vertical direction of the leaflet was found to be located near the bottom of the leaflet, and its value decreased sharply toward the tip. In the horizontal cross section of the leaflet, the maximum wall shear stresses were found to be located near the sides of the leaflet.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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