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Pediatr Nephrol. 2007 Oct;22(10):1651-4. Epub 2007 May 22.

Parathyroid hormone assay: problems and opportunities.


The assay of parathyroid hormone continues to remain problematic as a result of the presence in the circulation of a variety of parathyroid hormone (PTH) peptides derived from secretion and from peripheral metabolism. The detection of these PTH fragments to varying degrees leads to widely differing results in the various assays used, particularly in the setting of chronic kidney disease, where PTH fragments accumulate as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) falls. The differing results not only lead to problems in comparing values from various laboratories but also limit efforts to develop useful clinical practice guidelines. At the same time, research into the precise identification of the PTH fragments which contribute to the assay problems has uncovered a relatively new area of parathyroid research that has pointed to potential biologic activity of PTH peptides previously thought to be biologically inactive and which may act on a novel PTH receptor. These issues have brought new focus to the difficulties in standardization of PTH assays and have provoked efforts to provide standards to help in the characterization of PTH assays and to facilitate the development of clinical practice guidelines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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