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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Nov 2;91(1):97-101. Epub 2007 Jun 15.

Enhancing brief cognitive-behavioral therapy with motivational enhancement techniques in cocaine users.

Author information

1
Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. sherry.mckee@yale.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We investigated the impact of enhancing brief cognitive-behavioral therapy with motivational interviewing techniques for cocaine abuse or dependence, using a focused intervention paradigm.

METHODS:

Participants (n=74) who met current criteria for cocaine abuse or dependence were randomized to three-session cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or three-session enhanced CBT (MET+CBT), which included an initial session of motivational enhancement therapy (MET). Outcome measures included treatment retention, process measures (e.g., commitment to abstinence, satisfaction with treatment), and cocaine use.

RESULTS:

Participants who received the MET+CBT intervention attended more drug treatment sessions following the study interventions, reported significantly greater desire for abstinence and expectation of success, and they expected greater difficulty in maintaining abstinence compared to the CBT condition. There were no differences across treatment conditions on cocaine use.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings offer mixed support for the addition of MET as an adjunctive approach to CBT for cocaine users. In addition, the study provides evidence for the feasibility of using short-term studies to test the effects of specific treatment components or refinements on measures of therapy process and outcome.

PMID:
17573205
PMCID:
PMC2386854
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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