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J Affect Disord. 2008 Jan;105(1-3):213-9. Epub 2007 Jun 18.

Characterizing non-OCD anxiety disorders in psychiatrically referred children and adolescents.

Author information

1
Massachusetts General Hospital, Pediatric Psychopharmacology Unit, Boston, MA 02138, United States. phammerness@partners.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To characterize childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders in a psychiatric clinic.

METHODS:

Subjects were 1375 youth referred to a pediatric psychopharmacology program at a major academic center from 1991-2002. DSM-III-R diagnoses were obtained by Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children.

RESULTS:

Of 1375 referred youth, 794 had at least one non-obsessive-compulsive anxiety disorder, and 581 psychiatric comparison subjects had at least one disruptive behavior disorder and no anxiety disorders. There were 367 (46%) youth with one anxiety disorder, 224 (28%) with two disorders. Most prevalent were separation anxiety (49%), and overanxious disorder (47%). Mean ages of onset ranged from simple phobia (4.1) to panic disorder (8.5). Risk analyses revealed anxiety disorders significantly increased risk for anxiety and mood disorders.

CONCLUSIONS:

The full complement of anxiety disorders occurs in youth.

PMID:
17572506
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2007.05.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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