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Bioresour Technol. 2008 May;99(7):2637-43. Epub 2007 Jun 14.

Microbial consortium bioaugmentation of a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contaminated soil.

Author information

1
Center of Rural Sciences, Federal University of Santa Maria/Federal University of Pampa, São Gabriel, RS, Brazil.

Abstract

In this study we evaluated the capacity of a defined microbial consortium (five bacteria: Mycobacterium fortuitum, Bacillus cereus, Microbacterium sp., Gordonia polyisoprenivorans, Microbacteriaceae bacterium, Naphthalene-utilizing bacterium; and a fungus identified as Fusarium oxysporum) isolated from a PAHs contaminated landfarm site to degrade and mineralize different concentrations (0, 250, 500 and 1000 mg kg(-1)) of anthracene, phenanthrene and pyrene in soil. PAHs degradation and mineralization was evaluated by gas chromatography and respirometry, respectively. The microbial consortium degraded on average, 99%, 99% and 96% of the different concentrations of anthracene, phenanthrene and pyrene in the soil, in 70 days, respectively. This consortium mineralized 78%, on average, of the different concentrations of the 3 PAHs in soil after 70 days. Contrarily, the autochthonous soil microbial population showed no substantial mineralization of the PAHs. Bacterial and fungal isolates from the consortium, when inoculated separately to the soil, were less effective in anthracene mineralization compared to the consortium. This signifies synergistic promotion of PAHs mineralization by mixtures of the monoculture isolates (the microbial consortium).

PMID:
17572084
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2007.04.047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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