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J Med Chem. 2007 Jul 12;50(14):3256-66. Epub 2007 Jun 16.

Synthesis and simple 18F-labeling of 3-fluoro-5-(2-(2-(fluoromethyl)thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl)benzonitrile as a high affinity radioligand for imaging monkey brain metabotropic glutamate subtype-5 receptors with positron emission tomography.

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1
Molecular Imaging Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room B3 C346A, 10 Center Drive, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1003, USA. simeonf@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

2-fluoromethyl analogs of (3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4yl)ethynyl]pyridine) were synthesized as potential ligands for metabotropic glutamate subtype-5 receptors (mGluR5s). One of these, namely, 3-fluoro-5-(2-(2-(fluoromethyl)thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl)benzonitrile (3), was found to have exceptionally high affinity (IC50 = 36 pM) and potency in a phosphoinositol hydrolysis assay (IC50 = 0.714 pM) for mGluR5. Compound 3 was labeled with fluorine-18 (t1/2 = 109.7 min) in high radiochemical yield (87%) by treatment of its synthesized bromomethyl analog (17) with [18F]fluoride ion and its radioligand behavior was assessed with positron emission tomography (PET). Following intravenous injection of [18F]3 into rhesus monkey, radioactivity was avidly taken up into brain with high uptake in mGluR5 receptor-rich regions such as striata. [18F]3 was stable in monkey plasma and human whole blood in vitro and in monkey and human brain homogenates. In monkey in vivo, a single polar radiometabolite of [18F]3 appeared rapidly in plasma. [18F]3 merits further evaluation as a PET radioligand for mGluR5 in human subjects.

PMID:
17571866
DOI:
10.1021/jm0701268
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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