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Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2007;119(9-10):291-6.

Relation of fasting plasma peptide YY to glucose metabolism and cardiovascular risk factors after restrictive bariatric surgery.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, Hospital Lainz, Vienna, Austria.



Surgically induced weight loss results in reduction of comorbidities in severely obese humans. Reversal of abnormal secretion of appetite-regulating gut hormones such as peptide YY (PYY) could be contributing to the improvement of cardiovascular risk factors.


Severely obese patients (n = 42, BMI = 45.7 +/- 5.3 kg/m(2)) underwent clinical examination and blood sampling for measurement of PYY, plasma lipids, oral glucose tolerance testing and assessment of insulin secretion (HOMA-%B) and action (HOMA-R, QUICKI) before and during 12 months following gastric banding. Comparisons were made at each time point of the study as well as across the total study period.


Weight loss after bariatric surgery resulted in improvement of insulin resistance by 54% (p < 0.03) and plasma triglycerides by 26% (p < 0.01) without changes in fasting PYY (16.2 +/- 8.7 pmol/l at baseline, 15.1 +/- 6.3 pmol/l at 12 months). Fasting PYY correlated negatively with plasma total cholesterol at baseline (p = 0.02) but was not associated with body weight, body mass or abdominal diameter. Individual changes in PYY (DeltaPYY) related to changes in insulin (Deltafasting insulin) at 12 months (r = -0.582, p = 0.02) and HOMA-B at 6 months (r = -0.677, p = 0.006) and 12 months (r = -0.660, p = 0.007). Diabetic status had no impact on these correlations.


PYY correlates with a major cardiovascular risk factor and surrogate parameters of insulin secretion but not to weight loss or body mass in severe obesity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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