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J Cell Biochem. 2008 Feb 1;103(2):648-62.

PKD, PKD2, and p38 MAPK mediate Hsp27 serine-82 phosphorylation induced by neurotensin in pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cells.

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Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine; CURE: Digestive Diseases Research Center and Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.


It is widely recognized that Hsp27 is a downstream substrate of the p38 MAPK cascade whereas the role of PKD family members in mediating receptor-stimulated Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation has not been evaluated. Here, we show that neurotensin induced a rapid and striking increase in Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation in PANC-1 cells, which was closely correlated with stimulation of activation loop phosphorylation of PKDs and p38 MAPK Thr180/Tyr182 phosphorylation. Treatment of PANC-1 cells with either the selective PKC inhibitor GF-I or the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB202190 partially reduced neurotensin-induced Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation. However, treatment of the cells with a combination of GF-I and SB202190 virtually abolished neurotensin-induced Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation. Overexpression of PKD in stably transfected PANC-1 cells increased the magnitude and prolonged the duration of Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation in response to neurotensin. Either PKD or PKD2 gene silencing utilizing siRNAs targeting distinct PKD or PKD2 sequences reduced neurotensin-stimulated Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation, but cotransfection of siRNAs targeting both, PKD and PKD2, markedly decreased neurotensin-induced Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation. Knockdown of PKD and PKD2 abolished Hsp27 phosphorylation in cells treated with SB202190. Thus, neurotensin induces Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation through p38 MAPK- and PKC/PKD-dependent pathways in PANC-1 cells. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, that neurotensin induces a striking increase in Hsp27 phosphorylation on Ser-82 in PANC-1 cells through convergent p38 MAPK, PKD, and PKD2 signaling.

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