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Plant Cell Rep. 2007 Oct;26(10):1763-71. Epub 2007 Jun 14.

Expression of a feedback insensitive anthranilate synthase gene from tobacco increases free tryptophan in soybean plants.

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Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, Department of Pediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.


Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] embryogenic cultures were transformed by particle bombardment with the feedback-insensitive tobacco anthranilate synthase (AS) gene ASA2 driven by the CaMV 35S promoter and selected using hph as the selectable marker gene. Only one of eight regenerated lines that set seed and contained ASA2 expressed the gene highly and contained increased free tryptophan (Trp) levels in leaves, seeds and embryogenic cultures. Leaf extracts of the ASA2 expressing line contained about twice as much AS enzyme activity as the untransformed control and this activity was only slightly more feedback-insensitive. Amino acid analysis showed that both leaves and embryogenic tissue cultures of the ASA2 expressing line had four to five-times the normal levels of free Trp and slightly higher free tyrosine and phenylalanine. The seed total Trp content was only slightly increased. Metabolic profiling-analysis by GC-MS detected no other consistent differences. These studies show that the ASA2 gene can be expressed in soybean and that modest changes in Trp synthesis occurs.

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