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Crit Care Med. 2007 Aug;35(8):1955-60.

Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 protects mice in sepsis.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. tsaopn@ntu.edu.tw

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the putative role in the modulation of inflammation of a soluble form of Flt-1 (sFlt), a potent vascular endothelial growth factor antagonist, in experimental endotoxemia and sepsis.

DESIGN:

Randomized prospective experimental study.

SETTING:

University medical laboratory.

SUBJECTS:

Male C56BL/6 strain mice.

INTERVENTIONS:

We investigated the expression patterns and the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor and soluble Flt-1 in experimental endotoxic shock and sepsis. The possible anti-inflammatory mechanism of soluble Flt-1 was also evaluated.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Both vascular endothelial growth factor and sFlt-1 were rapidly released from macrophages activated in vitro by lipopolysaccharide and in the plasma of endotoxemic mice. Administration of vascular endothelial growth factor enhanced proinflammatory cytokine production and mediated a dramatic increase in mortality in endotoxemic mice. Treatment with sFlt-1 attenuated inflammatory responses, inhibited recruitment of inflammatory cells into the peritoneal cavity, and improved survival in a lethal endotoxemia and cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis model, even when administered as late as 24 hrs after the onset of sepsis.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings support a critical protective role of sFlt-1 in endotoxic shock and sepsis. sFlt-1 may therefore have utility as an adjunctive agent for the treatment of sepsis syndrome.

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