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J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2007 Jun;33(3):705-15.

Are you looking at me? Measuring the cone of gaze.

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Department of Psychology, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitat Mainz, Mainz, Germany.


The processing of gaze cues plays an important role in social interactions, and mutual gaze in particular is relevant for natural as well as video-mediated communications. Mutual gaze occurs when an observer looks at or in the direction of the eyes of another person. The authors chose the metaphor of a cone of gaze to characterize this range of gaze directions that constitutes "looking at" another person. In 4 experiments using either a real person or a virtual head, the authors investigated the influences of observer distance, head orientation, visibility of the eyes, and the presence of a 2nd head on the perceived direction and width of the gaze cone. The direction of the gaze cone was largely affected by all experimental manipulations, whereas its angular width remained comparatively stable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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