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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007 Aug;60(2):424-8. Epub 2007 Jun 11.

Epidemiology and antifungal susceptibilities of Candida spp. to six antifungal agents: results from a surveillance study on fungaemia in Germany from July 2004 to August 2005.

Author information

1
Institute of Medical Microbiology, National Reference Centre for Systemic Mycoses, University Clinics, Göttingen, Germany. mborg@gwdg.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Data on fungal infections occurring in Germany are rare to date. The aim of the present study was to survey the epidemiological situation in Germany, to provide data on the susceptibility of the fungal isolates to antifungals.

METHODS:

Five hundred and sixty-one Candida isolates were collected from primarily sterile sites of patients from July 2004 to August 2005 with the aid of a nationwide established laboratory network, MykolabNet-D. The MICs of amphotericin B, flucytosine, fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole and caspofungin were determined using the microdilution reference procedure M27-A2 of the CLSI.

RESULTS:

Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated species (58.5%), followed by Candida glabrata (19.1%), Candida parapsilosis (8.0%) and Candida tropicalis (7.5%). In contrast, the isolation rate of Candida krusei (1.4%) was low. Candida kefyr appeared as a new pathogen in this profile. Amphotericin B revealed excellent activity, with only three resistant isolates (0.5%). A total of 25 isolates (4.5%) showed resistance against flucytosine. All 25 isolates were identified as C. tropicalis indicating a peculiarity within German isolates. The resistance rate of all tested isolates to fluconazole and to itraconazole was 3.7% and 17.6%, respectively. According to the provisional breakpoints, two isolates (0.4%) were tested as resistant to voriconazole. Caspofungin was active against the majority of isolates where an intrinsic resistance is unknown.

CONCLUSIONS:

This latest German survey of isolates from patients with fungaemia demonstrates a favourable situation with respect to antifungal susceptibilities for the antifungal substances tested.

PMID:
17562683
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dkm145
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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