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J Hepatol. 2007 Aug;47(2):284-94. Epub 2007 May 24.

Transjugular liver biopsy--indications, adequacy, quality of specimens, and complications--a systematic review.

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1
The Sheila Sherlock Hepatobiliary Pancreatic and Liver Transplantation Unit, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, Hampstead, London NW3 2QG, UK.

Abstract

Transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) is considered an inferior biopsy, used when percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) is contraindicated. According to recent literature, specimens with 6 complete portal tracts (CPTs) are needed for histological diagnosis of chronic liver disease but 11 CPTs to reliably stage and grade. Mean CPT number in PLB series is 7.5; more passes increase complications. Sixty-four series reporting 7649 TJLBs were evaluated for quality of specimen and safety. Major indications were coagulation disorders and/or ascites. Success rate was 96.8%. Fragmentation rate was 34.3%, not correlating with length or diagnostic adequacy. With a mean of 2.7 passes, mean CPT number was 6.8. Histological diagnosis was achieved in 96.1% of TJLBs, correlating with length (p=0.007) and CPT number (p=0.04). Tru-Cut specimens had a mean CPT number of 7.5 and, compared to Menghini specimens, were longer (p<0.008), less fragmented (p<0.001) and more diagnostic (p<0.001). Thinner needles (>16-G) provided significantly longer and less fragmented specimens. Minor and major complication rates were 6.5% and 0.56%, respectively, and increased in children, but not with additional passes. In adults, mortality was 0.09% (haemorrhage 0.06%; ventricular arrhythmia 0.03%). TJLB is safe, providing specimens qualitatively comparable to PLB, and may improve further using > or = 18-G Tru-Cut needle and >3 passes.

PMID:
17561303
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2007.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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