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Mol Cell. 2007 Jun 8;26(5):675-87.

TNF-induced activation of the Nox1 NADPH oxidase and its role in the induction of necrotic cell death.

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1
Cell and Cancer Biology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important cytokine in immunity and inflammation and induces many cellular responses, including apoptosis and necrosis. TNF signaling enables the generation of superoxide in phagocytic and vascular cells through the activation of the NADPH oxidase Nox2/gp91. Here we show that TNF also activates the Nox1 NADPH oxidase in mouse fibroblasts when cells undergo necrosis. TNF treatment induces the formation of a signaling complex containing TRADD, RIP1, Nox1, and the small GTPase Rac1. TNF-treated RIP1-deficient fibroblasts fail to form such a complex, indicating that RIP1 is essential for Nox1 recruitment. Moreover, the prevention of TNF-induced superoxide generation with dominant-negative mutants of TRADD or Rac1, as well as knockdown of Nox1 using siRNA, inhibits necrosis. Thus our study suggests that activation of Nox1 through forming a complex with TNF signaling components plays a key role in TNF-induced necrotic cell death.

PMID:
17560373
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2007.04.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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